WHAT IS CLINICAL ONCOLOGY ?
The special area of medicine known as oncology is focused on the study, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Oncologists are medical professionals who treat cancer patients. A specialised team is necessary for the complex medical procedures involved in cancer therapy. Under oncology, however, there are three types of medical professionals : clinical oncologists, medical oncologists and radiation oncologists.
Any type of cancer treatment that does not involve surgery is clinical oncology. This area of medicine also includes treatments like radiotherapy and other systemic therapies. Since cancer treatment is a long process with multiple phases, both surgery and following treatments are a part of it.
The majority of cancer patients have many forms of treatment, such as surgery to remove a tumour, followed by radiation and/or systemic therapy. A surgical oncologist (or maybe another sort of specialist termed an interventional oncologist) would perform the operation, and a clinical or medical oncologist and their team would organise and administer the other therapies. Although only clinical oncologists are qualified to provide radiation, both medical oncologists and clinical oncologists provide non-surgical cancer treatment.
Clinical oncology medicines include a complex and ongoing procedure. Therefore, based on the stage of the disease, the place of the cancer's development, and the state of the host, clinical oncologists choose the most efficient kind of radiation or chemotherapy. Chemotherapy and radiation are expanding quickly in order to advance technology and lessen the adverse effects of the treatment. Clinical oncology now concentrates on cancer treatment with targeted radiation and chemotherapy. Clinical oncologists work to treat all forms of cancer, including breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer, and they are required to have prior training in a variety of treatments.
An oncologist will discuss the appropriate treatment choices for your diagnosis and the type of cancer you have at your initial consultation. Less anxiety during cancer treatment may result from preparation. To find the amount of cancer you have and where it is in your body, talk about cancer staging. Your treatment options and the potential course of your cancer might be influenced by understanding its stage.
Based on the type and extent of your cancer, your treatment plan may include one or multiple processes out of the following :