MEDICAL ONCOLOGY EXPLAINED
Diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of cancer are the main goals of the medical specialty known as medical oncology. Treatment for cancer patients by a medical oncologist may involve chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted treatment, or immunotherapy. A medical oncologist will collaborate with other physicians to develop the optimal treatment strategy for you. Your cancer diagnosis will be explained to you, along with its kind and stage. You can control your cancer symptoms and side effects with their assistance.
The safe provision of cancer management and treatment services is made possible by this complete approach to assisting cancer patients in finding the care and treatment they require. These services may be aimed at eliminating cancerous cells, decreasing the disease's progression, stopping it from spreading to other body regions, and/or easing cancer symptoms. Prolonging life is the major objective when there is no cancer cure. Medical oncology places a strong emphasis on both continuing research and giving patients the treatment they require during this trying period in their lives. The objective is to continuously look for innovative and effective cancer management and/or treatment approaches that can enhance the lives of individuals who have been diagnosed.
A patient who is referred for oncology treatment must first schedule a consultation with a medical oncologist. The oncologist will review the patient's medical history at this initial consultation in order to fully comprehend their unique circumstance. This initial consultation also calls for a physical examination. The patient will discuss their treatment choices with the oncologist after they have a thorough understanding of their present state of health.
While there are many various types of medicines available today to treat cancer in individuals, certain therapies are used more frequently than others. Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormone treatment, biological therapy, and targeted therapy are all examples of this, although they are not the only ones. Drugs are used in chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells. The goal of immunotherapy and biological treatment is to combat cancer by boosting the immune system. Hormones are used in hormonal treatment to treat cancer. Based on the patient's own genetic composition, targeted treatment employs medicines to treat cancer.
When going to see a medical oncologist for the first time, bring all of your medical documents, including copies of any imaging studies (like MRIs, CT scans, and X-rays). A list of every drug you take might be useful as well. When you deliver the real drugs rather than a list, some medical oncologists prefer it. Any vitamins, herbs, or supplements fall under this category.
Bringing a member of your family or a close friend along could be beneficial. During the session, you will learn a lot, and they may assist you by taking notes and paying attention in case you forget anything. They can also offer assistance. Before your visit, make a list of all your questions.
Chemotherapy, hormone treatment, targeted medicines, supportive care, and stem cell/bone marrow transplantation are all part of the systemic therapy for cancer that medical oncology focuses on.